Emile Berliner, businessman and inventor
Emile Berliner was born in Germany on May 20, 1851. The young Emile had his first job in a printing shop and went on to work as a clerk in a fabric store. It was there that his talent as an inventor first showed itself. He created a new type of loom.
In 1870, influenced by a friend who had emigrated to the United States, the young Berliner decided to cross the Atlantic: and so the adventure began. This bright young man began his research in sound in his small Washington apartment that he had transformed into an electrical laboratory. By 1877, his research had led to the development and patenting of a microphone that Alexander Graham Bell acquired to improve his invention: the telephone. Berliner went on to work in Bell’s laboratory for 6 years before returning to his own research. On November 12,1887 he received the patent for his invention: the gramophone, as well as for the process of creating the master and duplicating his flat disks. Without yet knowing it, he had forever changed the world of music. He invited musicians to record on zinc disks and by 1893 he began to commercialize his invention. The company he founded with a few associates (United States Gramophone Company) developed, was eventually sold and later merged. In 1900, the Berliner Gramophone Company opened its first store in Montreal. Six years later, the company moved to a new state-of-the-art manufacturing facility on Lenoir St in the St. Henri district of the city. Over the years, this plant was enlarged several times. In 1924, the Victor Talking Machine Company purchased Berliner Gramophone and in 1929 it in turn merged with RCA to become RCA Victor. In 1996, the Musée des ondes Emile Berliner was established in this former industrial complex.
Emile Berliner was not only a visionary, but also an influential philanthropist. He lobbied (and invested substantially) the American government to legalize the pasteurisation of milk. At the time, unpasteurized milk was one of the main causes of infancy death. Berliner was also a great supporter of women's education; he funded scholarships for women wishing to study sciences in university. Emile Berliner died of a heart attack on August 3, 1929. Source: Musée des ondes Emile Berliner, Montréal, Canada https://moeb.ca
The "soundtrack" historic of 10 seconds
The first record of the history made by Edouard Scott de Martinville
Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville
Article published by CommentCaMarche, March 27, 2008
The oldest sound recording audible now over the Internet
(Paris - Relax news) - The oldest sound recordings of the world, made in 1860 by Parisian inventor Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville, is now heard on Internet, on the site of a group of historians and engineers sound. It is a sequence of 10 seconds of "Au Clair de la lune," recorded April 9, 1860, 17 years before the invention of the phonograph of Thomas Edison.
Phonautograph invented by Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville
in XIXe century.
The French inventor had recorded the song with the famous "phonautograph", the forerunner of the phonograph. The process was to gather acoustic vibrations and then transcribe the sound waves onto a sheet of paper blackened by smoke. This invention can not listen to the song recorded.
Earl Cornell and Carl Haber, two scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (USA) managed to develop a technology capable of playing for the first recordings of Edward Leon Scott de Martinville had carried on its rolls of paper .
Besides recording of ''Au Clair de la Lune'', presented Thursday, March 27 for the first time, the historians Patrick Feaster and David Giovannoni of First Sounds , we discovered in February 2008 a dozen records filed by Édouard-Léon Scott Martinville in the Academy of Sciences and the Institute of France.
Sound preservation and restoration in Canada – A Testimonial
By Gerald F. Parker
Member and contributor of the Association for Recorded Sound Collections (ARSC)
Sound archeology / Archéologie sonore
Audio Conservator / Conservateur Audio
Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives Canada
Centre for Indigenous Research, Culture, Language and Education
The Centre for Indigenous Research, Culture, Language and Education (CIRCLE) strives to facilitate the research, and delivery of linguistic and cultural materials of the First Peoples of North America as well as all Canadians. A special focus is on cultural expressions linked with music and language, both for Aboriginal Canadians and other indigenous people.
Brief History of CIRCLE and Past Projects
CIRCLE has come out of the amalgamation of several previous Organized Research Units at Carleton University including Canadian Musical Heritage ORU, Centre for Canadian Cultures and Heritages ORU, and the Centre for First Peoples’ Music and Research. Consequently the projects CIRCLE pursues often build on accomplishments achieved in these earlier ORUs.
Selected past projects:
Through grants mainly from SSHRC over a 20-year period, the Canadian Musical Heritage ORU researched and edited 25 volumes of Canadian notated music composed before 1950. In addition, recordings of previously unrecorded Canadian music have been produced through Marquis Records and Carleton Sound as well as a web-based database of pre-1950 35,000 compositions [now available atwww.cliffordfordpublications.ca]. Over the past two years, CIRCLE has received funding through the AV Trust to produce re-mastered recordings of early Canadiana. These recordings are available on the Gala Records label.
A Database of ca. 3000 entries about written and recorded materials on First Peoples’ music and dance required preparation over a period of 20 years. Funded through grants from SSHRC, the Secretary of State and personal funding it is now available as CARD on the websites www.nativedrums.ca andwww.nativedance.ca. Those two websites were CIRCLE projects funded by Canadian Heritage, Canadian Content Online Program . Each website contains a wide array of photos, videos, overview essays as well as certain specific culture essays, plus educational kits designed to be used within science, music, social studies, native studies curricula according to provincial educational guidelines at the elementary and secondary levels in Canada.
Other important linguistic initiatives with Aboriginal languages, specifically East Cree and Innu, have been supervised by Marie-Odile Junker, occasionally calling upon the expertise of CIRCLE members and using the DT 1923 space. In addition to many printed materials prepared on these languages, she organized the website EastCree.org.
From SSHRC Professor Junker holds two important grants: 1) Community University Research Alliance grant for Knowledge and human resources for Innu language development as co-investigator with Marguerite MacKenzie (Memorial University) for five years (2005-2009), and 2) SSHRC Aboriginal Research Grant (3 years) for L’encyclopedie linguistique vivante du cri, for three years (2005-2007).
All of the above projects build on the innovative role that Carleton University has taken in providing programs in Canadian Studies. Music at Carleton was the first program in Canada to have a specific course dealing with Canadian music in the Calendar. Dr. Keillor, one of the co-directors of all of the above-named Organized Research Units, initiated the first course on First Peoples Music of Canada to be given at a post-secondary institution.